My Story and Resources for a PLANT BASED DIET

Updated: May 30, 2020

Over the past several months I have received several requests from family and friends for a list of resources that have informed mine and my husband’s decision to transition our family to a plant-based diet. I hope this list will aid anyone who is seeking better health and trying to find the best way to take care of their body.

Before presenting those resources I would like to give a brief history of my own health and why I sought out a different way of eating than the standard Western diet.

There are typically three reasons that someone will adopt a plant-based diet: for their health, for the planet (climate change), and/or animal welfare. For me there has been a fourth reason: religious, which has over time turned into a deeply spiritual purpose (but more on that another time).

My challenges began at the age of 13 when I started to put on weight. Although my mom had studied nutrition in college and was a wonderful resource and support to me, my struggle in achieving and maintaining a healthy weight would continue through the remainder of my teenage years. Despite being young, my observations of other family members who struggled with their weight and similar health issues was a great motivating factor in establishing healthy patterns of living and learning to take care of my body.

My devotion to health and my effort to eat in a healthy manor was valiant, but the results did not match, leaving me, and at times my parents, perplexed and confused. As a result I began to believe that my body was unable of achieving a healthy weight. Although I did notice a positive difference in the way that I felt when eating wholesome, healthy foods, eating became a daily ritual largely centered on self-denial and self-deprivation, not to be thin, but to avoid becoming more overweight.

Then I began having children.

Each of my pregnancies began the same: with a commitment to healthy eating for my baby and to stay within the recommended weight gain range.

Each of my pregnancies ended the same: with a confusion as to what I did wrong and how my eating habits could have resulted in so much excessive weight gain.

My second pregnancy with my son was especially difficult as I struggled with wide fluctuations in my post-meal glucose levels, the excessive accumulation of amniotic fluid, excessive weight gain, and a very large baby. I received diabetic counseling with a registered dietitian, but after looking over my food journal and reviewing my eating habits she was just as perplexed as I was and commented that I not only ate healthier than any patient she had ever worked with, but that I ate healthier than she did.

After my son was born I was advised to lose weight and change my lifestyle habits to avoid becoming diabetic. I was also diagnosed with PCOS.

I was confused. My only beverage of choice was water. I did eat treats, but not on a daily basis. I avoided sugary cereals, chips, crackers, and most prepackaged foods. I typically ate a large salad for lunch with some type of animal protein, and was careful to not drench it in salad dressing. I predominately ate whole grains, lots of fruits and vegetables, and thought my dinners (which were typically made from scratch) were a healthy balance of all of the food groups, including meat and dairy.

Not knowing where else to turn, I decided to read the Word of Wisdom, a law of health given to members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Although cultural practice of the principles found therein centers on abstaining from the don'ts (alcohol, tobacco, coffee, and tea) there is an incredible list of dos that is unfortunately largely ignored.

As I read over the words, I paused and wondered what was meant by the recommendation to use meat "sparingly" and that it pleased God to not use meat except "in times of winter, cold, and famine."

I decided that I wanted to try a vegetarian diet, however I was met with resistance by family and lacked a supportive community and the scientific research to support this diet as a means of reversing my health challenges and maintaining a healthy weight. I also faced the challenge of not really knowing how to cook without meat in a way that was filling and satisfying, and so my constant hunger made me think that my body needed meat and that a vegetarian lifestyle was great for lean individuals who lacked a big appetite.

I did, however, commit to eating meat less and over the next several years slowly decreased the amount of meat in our diet to make it a more "sparingly" component. I also began to research diet and to make changes in where our food came from (buying local and organic when possible) and how we ate (not eating late at night).

There is so much more to this story, including a short lived experiment with both KETO and Paleo diets following my diagnosis with Hashimoto's, but the place I want to take you next is my pregnancy with Rose last year.

I finally believed that I had the answer to my challenges regarding excessive weight gain during pregnancy and this time was the time I was going to get it right. I needed to eat a low carb diet and keep my insulin levels low.

I was highly discipled, not just to avoid gaining weight, but because I was determined to do everything I could to ensure this pregnancy ended with a live birth. Because we had no answers as to why our two daughters were stillborn in 2017, I wanted to minimize any complications and give this baby and my body the best chance of success.

Unfortunately I failed my one hour glucose test so miserably that they didn't even bother to have me take the three hour test. I was diagnosed with gestational diabetes at 28 weeks and I cried, feeling like a failure, not just in this pregnancy, but in my nearly twenty year pursuit to avoid my family history of diabetes. Now here I was administering daily insulin shots and, as in previous pregnancies, testing my blood sugars after every meal.

The glucose numbers that I collected and presented to my doctor were always met with praise. Despite the discouragement I felt, I thought I was doing an excellent job. I ate low glycemic index fruits and vegetables, religiously abstained from all types of sugar including maple syrup and honey, limited my starches, ate lean protein, and included a generous amount of healthy fats in my diet--which I had learned was essential because it did not impact blood sugar levels.

Thankfully my pregnancy with Rose was a success, something I tried to keep in the forefront of my mind as I came home from the hospital and stood on the scale. However, there was little that could soften the blow of discovering that I was the heaviest I had ever been post-delivery. I tried not to cry and to tell myself that I had done an amazing job, but ultimately feelings of failure weighted heavily on my mind and I felt lost because I had no idea what I was doing wrong. I spent the next two months waiting for my body to relinquish some of the weight, as it had after my previous deliveries, but as Rose crossed the two month milestone I faced another unpleasant reality: the scale hadn't budged, not even by a pound.

In addition to my lack of weight loss my thyroid was giving me a lot of problems, I was waking up with swollen hands and feet, and my joints, especially in my hands, ached.

The Word of Wisdom promises blessings of health and energy to those who abide by its principles. For nearly a decade I had tried to live by its teachings, for nearly two decades I had made it a priority to eat healthy, exercise, and educate myself on the subject of nutrition. I wondered what was possibly keeping me from receiving the promised blessings of health found therein, and so I once again opened my scriptures and reread the passages.

A thyroid doctor’s recommendation nearly two years ago to try a vegan diet came to mind as I reread the words “nevertheless they are to be used sparingly; And it is pleasing unto me that they should not be used, only in times of winter, or of cold, or famine.”

I looked outside my window on a sunny, summery day and thought “it’s not winter, it’s not cold, and we are not experiencing a famine. I guess I will try to not eat meat for a three month period of time and see if my health improves.”

That moment changed everything.

I immediately started losing weight and lost a total of 40 pounds in an eight month period of time, while still eating a generous amount of food to support my desire to exclusively breastfeed my daughter.

Left: 2 months post delivery. Right: 9 months post delivery.

The swelling in my hands and feet has completely vanished. My joints no longer hurt. I have more energy and my thyroid symptoms have mostly subsided. My doctor decreased my thyroid medication. My TSH, T4 and T3 have all improved. My antibodies continue to decline. My cholesterol has dropped. My A1c has improved to an astonishing 4.6. And more than anything else, my mental health has improved dramatically (something I plan to discuss in a future post as well).

My physical stamina has improved dramatically. I love feeling light on my feet, I love the ability to attend a fitness class without feeling like I am going to die, and I love not needing an afternoon nap every day after lunch. It's amazing!

One of the other amazing changes has been the ability to eat until I am full, to feel satisfied after my meal (rather than still feeling hungry), and to not be hungry for hours! This is a first in my life!

Once I made the decision to try a vegan diet, resources began to surface. I dove head first into consuming anything and everything I could. No pun intended, but I literally devoured the feast of information before me with an unquenchable thirst for knowledge and truth.

I think back to nearly a decade ago, to when I first turned to the Word of Wisdom and desired to try a vegetarian diet. My instincts were correct, the promptings from the spirit were real and true, but I let cultural traditions and the wisdom of men get in the way of trusting God and his wisdom in how I should eat, a way that made me more sick and exacerbated my problems. Trusting Him has made all the difference and helped me discern truth from error as I have looked more closely at the science of nutrition and sought learning "by study and also by faith."

Because my journey for health is intertwined in my religious beliefs, you will find lots of religious resources in here, particularly scriptures and quotes from leaders of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. I know that we are advised to not take everything that is said by a General Authority as doctrine, but I have found their insights to be of interest and consideration.

Over the past few months my understanding and gratitude of the Word of Wisdom has increased tremendously. I’ve seen these changes bless my life, my husband's life, our children’s lives, my parents' lives, and many of our friend’s lives as well. It is my belief that the Word of Wisdom extends far beyond the cultural adherence to simply abstain from "strong drinks" and "tobacco" and that as we adhere to it more fully we will experience the promised blessings to a greater extent in our lives.

Now, finally, here are my resources. Let me just say that there is more out there than what is contained on this list and I will add to this as I continue to learn.

1. Plant-based doctors that I follow (many of whom did not start off as plant-based doctors, but now have years, some decades, of experience in reversing chronic disease in their patients). I especially love watching their interviews or other videos on YouTube.

Dr. T. Colin Campbell (he is not a physician, but has decades of experience and has conducted hundreds of studies documenting the correlation between diet and disease)

Dr. John McDougall (In my opinion, his dietary recommendations most closely follow the Word of Wisdom, and are what I have primarily used for our family. His dietary recommendations have been coined the “Daniel Diet” by many.)

Dr. Caldwell Esselstyn

Dr. Neil Barnard

Dr. Garth Davis

Dr. Dean Ornish

Dr. Michael Greger

Dr. Joel Fuhrman

Dr. Pamela Popper

Dr. Michael Klaper

Dr. Doug Lisle (a weight loss expert)

2. Documentaries (Start with either Forks over Knives or The Game Changers)

Forks Over Knives

The Game Changers (I recommend watching this one before you show it to your children. My children have seen selections from this film, but not the whole thing).


Fed Up

What the Health

A Prayer for Compassion

H.O.P.E. What You Eat Matters (2018) - Full Documentary

3. YouTube

Discovering the Word of Wisdom Stories from members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

Compassionately Living the Word of Wisdom

Return to Sparingly

Prepare Ye by Ezra Taft Benson

How to Lose Weight Without Losing Your Mind


You Will Never Look at Your Life in the Same Way Again | Eye-Opening Speech!

Calorie Density: How To Eat More, Weigh Less and Live Longer

There are several YouTube videos about the Blue Zones (five regions in the world with the healthiest, and longest lived populations) and what they eat. Here is one. Here is another.

Finally, here is an incredible interview with an amazing heart surgeon from Loma Linda, California (he is a Seventh Day Adventist). He retired at the age of 95 and passed away two years ago at the age of 104.

4. Books (The Starch Solution and The China Study are always where I recommend people begin). My favorite book is How Not to Diet.

The Starch Solution, Dr. John McDougall

The China Study, Dr. T. Collin Campbell

Disease Proof Your Child, Dr. Joel Fuhrman

Eat to Live, Dr. Joel Fuhrman

How to Prevent and Reverse Heart Disease, Dr. Caldwell Esselstyn

Proteinaholic, Dr. Garth Davis

How Not To Die, Dr. Michael Greger

How Not To Diet, Dr. Michael Greger

Discovering the Word of Wisdom: Surprising Insights from a Whole Food, Plant-based Perspective, Jane Birch

Mastering Diabetes: The Revolutionary Method to Reverse Insulin Resistance Permanently in Type 1, Type 1.5, Type 2, Prediabetes, and Gestational Diabetes, Cyrus Khambatta and Robby Barbaro, MPH

5. Scriptures

Genesis 1: 29-30

29 ¶ And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in the which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed; to you it shall be for meat.

30 And to every beast of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to every thing that creepeth upon the earth, wherein there is life, I have given every green herb for meat: and it was so.

JST, Genesis 9:10–15. Compare Genesis 9:4–9

Man is accountable for shedding the blood of animals and of men. God establishes with Noah and his sons the same covenant He made with Enoch.

10 But, the blood of all flesh which I have given you for meat, shall be shed upon the ground, which taketh life thereof, and the blood ye shall not eat.

11 And surely, blood shall not be shed, only for meat, to save your lives; and the blood of every beast will I require at your hands.

Daniel 1:8-16

8 ¶ But Daniel purposed in his heart that he would not defile himself with the portion of the king’s meat, nor with the wine which he drank: therefore he requested of the prince of the eunuchs that he might not defile himself.

9 Now God had brought Daniel into favour and tender love with the prince of the eunuchs.

10 And the prince of the eunuchs said unto Daniel, I fear my lord the king, who hath appointed your meat and your drink: for why should he see your faces worse liking than the children which are of your sort? then shall ye make me endanger my head to the king.

11 Then said Daniel to Melzar, whom the prince of the eunuchs had set over Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah,

12 Prove thy servants, I beseech thee, ten days; and let them give us pulse to eat, and water to drink.

13 Then let our countenances be looked upon before thee, and the countenance of the children that eat of the portion of the king’s meat: and as thou seest, deal with thy servants.

14 So he consented to them in this matter, and proved them ten days.

15 And at the end of ten days their countenances appeared fairer and fatter in flesh than all the children which did eat the portion of the king’s meat.

16 Thus Melzar took away the portion of their meat, and the wine that they should drink; and gave them pulse.

Doctrine and Covenants 89

1 A Word of Wisdom, for the benefit of the council of high priests, assembled in Kirtland, and the church, and also the saints in Zion—

2 To be sent greeting; not by commandment or constraint, but by revelation and the word of wisdom, showing forth the order and will of God in the temporal salvation of all saints in the last days—

3 Given for a principle with promise, adapted to the capacity of the weak and the weakest of all saints, who are or can be called saints.

4 Behold, verily, thus saith the Lord unto you: In consequence of evils and designs which do and will exist in the hearts of conspiring men in the last days, I have warned you, and forewarn you, by giving unto you this word of wisdom by revelation—

5 That inasmuch as any man drinketh wine or strong drink among you, behold it is not good, neither meet in the sight of your Father, only in assembling yourselves together to offer up your sacraments before him.

6 And, behold, this should be wine, yea, pure wine of the grape of the vine, of your own make.

7 And, again, strong drinks are not for the belly, but for the washing of your bodies.

8 And again, tobacco is not for the body, neither for the belly, and is not good for man, but is an herb for bruises and all sick cattle, to be used with judgment and skill.

9 And again, hot drinks are not for the body or belly.

10 And again, verily I say unto you, all wholesome herbs God hath ordained for the constitution, nature, and use of man—

11 Every herb in the season thereof, and every fruit in the season thereof; all these to be used with prudence and thanksgiving.

12 Yea, flesh also of beasts and of the fowls of the air, I, the Lord, have ordained for the use of man with thanksgiving; nevertheless they are to be used sparingly;

13 And it is pleasing unto me that they should not be used, only in times of winter, or of cold, or famine.

14 All grain is ordained for the use of man and of beasts, to be the staff of life, not only for man but for the beasts of the field, and the fowls of heaven, and all wild animals that run or creep on the earth;

15 And these hath God made for the use of man only in times of famine and excess of hunger.

16 All grain is good for the food of man; as also the fruit of the vine; that which yieldeth fruit, whether in the ground or above the ground—

17 Nevertheless, wheat for man, and corn for the ox, and oats for the horse, and rye for the fowls and for swine, and for all beasts of the field, and barley for all useful animals, and for mild drinks, as also other grain.

18 And all saints who remember to keep and do these sayings, walking in obedience to the commandments, shall receive health in their navel and marrow to their bones;

19 And shall find wisdom and great treasures of knowledge, even hidden treasures;

20 And shall run and not be weary, and shall walk and not faint.

21 And I, the Lord, give unto them a promise, that the destroying angel shall pass by them, as the children of Israel, and not slay them. Amen.

6. Quotes by General Authorities of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

These come from Cassidy Gundersen's blog

Joseph Smith, who was known for not killing animals and not eating meat, said, How will the serpent ever lose his venom, while the servants of God possess the same disposition, and continue to make war upon it? Men must become harmless, before the brute creation; and when men lose their vicious dispositions and cease to destroy the animal race, the lion and the lamb can dwell together, and the sucking child can play with the serpent in safety.” 1

Hyrum Smith, Patriarch of the Church gave the first in depth sermon on the Word of Wisdom in General Conference in 1842 and said,“Let men attend to these instructions, let them use the things ordained of God; let them be sparing of the life of animals; it is pleasing saith the Lord that flesh be used only in times of winter, or of famine.” 2

He later said, [God] has appointed the word of wisdom as one of the engines to… remove the beastly appetites, the murderous disposition and the vitiated taste of man… to promote peace between him and the brute creation.3

In 1857, Heber C. Kimball said in General Conference, It is not pleasing in [God’s] sight for man to shed blood of beasts… except in times of excess of hunger and famine. Go and read it for yourselves… It is not the Spirit of God that leads a man or woman to shed blood—to desire to kill and slay.” 4

In 1868 George Q. Cannon also said over the pulpit,“With life we need health, the power to carry out designs of our beings upon the earth. We are told that flesh is not suitable to man in the summer time, and ought to eaten sparingly in the winter… other articles of food could be raised more cheaply and in greater variety than the flesh of animals. We can have a diet, that will be tasteful, nutritious and delightful to us and easy to digest, and yet not wear out the lives of our mothers, wives, daughters and sisters in its preparation”. 5

Brigham Young once pointedly exclaimed, If the people were willing to receive the true knowledge from heaven in regard to their diet they would cease eating swine’s flesh. I know this as well as Moses knew it.” 6

On another occasion he reminded, Mothers, keep the children from eating meat; and let them eat vegetables.7

George Q. Cannon, who was editor of the newspaper, wrote,Even beasts have rights which must be respected.” 8

Years later, in 1896 he penned,We should by every means in our power impress upon the rising generation the value of life and how dreadful a sin it is to take life. The lives of animals even should be held far more sacred than they are.9

Wilford Woodruff so dramatically declared, The Word of Wisdom is a commandment and all members should observe it, but for the present, no definite action should be taken except that the members should be taught to refrain from eating meat.10

Lorenzo Snow said that we should, draw special attention to that part which relates to the use of meat, which he considered just as strong as that which related to the used of liquors and hot drinks. He was convinced that the killing of animals when unnecessary was wrong and sinful, and that it was not right to neglect part of the Word of Wisdom and be too strenuous in regard to other parts.”11

He also said, We have no right to slay animals or fowls except from necessity, for they have spirits which may some day rise up and accuse or condemn us.12

On another occasion he,“Introduced the subject of the Word of Wisdom, expressing the opinion that it was violated as much or more in the improper use of meat as in other things, and thought the time was near at hand when Latter-day Saints should be taught to refrain from meat eating and shedding of animal blood.13

It was also recorded that Lorenzo Snow, drew special attention to that part which relates to the use of meats, which he considered just as strong as that which relates to the use of liquors and hot drinks. He also referred to the revelation which says that he that forbids the use of meat is not of God. . . . Bro. Snow said he was convinced that the killing of animals when unnecessary was wrong and sinful, and that it was not right to neglect one part of the Word of Wisdom and be too strenuous in regard to other parts.” 14

Joseph F. Smith said in 1913 that, I do not believe any man should kill animals or birds unless he ‘needs’ them for food… I think it is wicked for men to thirst in their souls to kill almost everything which possessed animal life. It is wrong, and I have been surprised at prominent men whom I have seem whose very souls seemed to be athirst for the shedding of animal blood…. I am a firm believer in the simple words of one of the poets: ‘Take not away the life you cannot give, For all things have an equal right to live”. He went on to write an article in the precursor to the Ensign, The Improvement Era, called “Is it a Sin to Kill Wantonly”, discussing the taking of animal lives. 15

He later proclaimed, The unnecessary destruction of life begets a spirit of destruction which grows within the soul. It lives by what it feeds upon and robs man of the love that he should have for the works of God. Men cannot worship the Creator and look with careless indifference upon his creation.16

Hyrum Mack Smith, a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles said, To kill, when not necessary, is a sin akin to murder.” 17

In that same sermon he said, Man has been entrusted with sovereignty over the animal kingdom, that he may learn to govern, as God rules, by the power of love and justice, and become fit for his eternal destiny as a ruler of worlds.” 18

At age 80 President Heber J. Grant was asked how he was so active for his age, which he replied, I think that another reason I have very splendid strength for an old man is that during the years… I have not, with the exception of not more than a dozen times, ordered meat of any kind. I have endeavored to live the Word of Wisdom and that, in my opinion, is one reason for my good health.” 19

In 1945, President George Albert Smith’s son-in-law recorded,“In the summer he eats no meat, and even in the winter months he eats very little.” Robert Murray Stewart, “A Normal Day in the Home of George Albert Smith,” 20

Elder Joseph F. Merrill of the Quorum of the Twelve said in his talk titled “Eat Flesh Sparingly,” in general conference: All over the Church the belief is general that the Word of Wisdom is practically observed if the individual abstains from the use of tea, coffee, liquor, and tobacco. But a careful reading of the revelation shows this belief to be erroneous. There is much more to the document than abstention from the use of narcotics. . . . According to what are regarded as the best investigations, the right proportion of protein is generally about 10 percent of the total number of heat units consumed. . . . The foods to be used most sparingly are those which contain a great excess of protein, such as meat, eggs, and cheese. On this account, there are many authorities who think that it would be safer to discard the use of meat altogether than to continue to use it so freely as many Americans are doing.” 21

President David O. Mckay said in October 1951 General Conference: A true Latter-day Saint is kind to animals, is kind to every created thing, for God has created all.22

Two years later he said, Too many members move along the lines of least resistance and yield to a craving appetite developed by disobedience to the Word of Wisdom of God, thus depriving themselves of spiritual as well as physical strength.” 23

Joseph Fielding Smith explained, Although there was no sin in the shedding of their blood when required for food … to take the life of these creatures wantonly is a sin before the Lord. It is easy to destroy life, but who can restore it when it is taken? 24

It was also recoded by his wife that Joseph Fielding Smith had a “disdain of meat and a love of vegetables.” She went on to say, “My husband doesn’t eat meat, but rather lots of fruit and vegetables“. 25

In a 1978 General Conference, Spencer W. Kimball said I still don’t eat very much meat.” He proceeded to share his “feelings concerning the unnecessary shedding of blood and destruction of [animal] life” 26 in that conference as well as the next.

Ezra Taft Benson said in general conference in 1974, We need a generation of young people who, as Daniel, eat in a more healthy manner than to fare on the “kings meat”- and whose countenances show it. 27

Later in 1983 he said:

“In this revelation the Lord counsels us to use meat sparingly. I have often felt that the Lord is further counseling us in this revelation against indiscriminately killing animals, for He has said elsewhere in scripture, ‘Wo be unto man that sheddeth blood or that wasteth flesh and hath no need.” (D&C 49:21.)’ 28

It is recorded that his son said of him, In his personal life, was sparing in his use of meat and generous in his use of fresh vegetables and grains.” 29

George Teasdale, also a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles said,Eating pork is a more serious breach of the word of wisdom than drinking tea or coffee.30

In his book, Millennial Messiah, Bruce R. McConkie wrote,Man and all forms of life will be vegetarians in the coming day; the eating of meat will cease, because, for one thing, death as we know it ceases. There will be no shedding of blood.”31

Hugh Nibley, famous church historian, suggests that the use of the word sparingly in D&C 89:12 means “sparing God’s creatures.” He goes on to say,The family who needs a deer to get through the winter have a right to that. The Lord will not deny them, but he is also pleased with those who forbear. They can eat meat only in times of starvation, winter, cold, famine… At the first sight of buffalo in Iowa—the plain was covered with buffalo as far as the eye could see—Brigham Young called the brethren together and told them not to shoot one unless they absolutely need it. And this turned out to be a great blessing for them. 32

Gordon B. Hinkley said in October 1990 General Conference,

This Word of Wisdom came to us from the Father of us all, the God of heaven, for our blessing and the blessing of all who would observe it. I regret that we as a people do not observe it more faithfully.” 33

Spencer Condie, author of the biography of the President Russel M. Nelson, said earlier in 2018, “I’ve had lunch with him at least 100 times… One day I asked him, ‘do you ever eat roast beef?’ and he said, ‘After my many years of performing open heart surgery, I know where that stuff ends up’. 34

  1. Documentary History of the Church, vol. 2, pp. 71–72

  2. “The Word of Wisdom,” Times and Seasons 3, no. 15 (June 1, 1842): 801.

  3. “Word of Wisdom”, Times and Seasons: Truth will prevail. Vol. 3, No. 15, City of Nauvoo, ILL. 1 June 1842, p. 800

  4. Shedding Blood – God’s Provision for His Saints, Journal of Discourses, Vol. 6, p. 50, 15 Nov. 1857

  5. Journal of Discourses, Vol. 12, 7 April, 1868, p. 221-226

  6. Journal of Discourses, Vol. 2, 6 April 1868, p. 269-271

  7. Journal of Discourses, Vol. 19, p. 68 – p. 69, Brigham Young, July 19, 1877

  8. Editorial thoughts Juvenile Instructor 9, No. 25, 1874, p. 294

  9. Juvenile Instructor, No. 31, 1896, p.218

  10. Diary of Heber J. Grant, Journal History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, LDS Church Archives, 5 May 1898

  11. Journal History, 5 May 1898, p. 2-3

  12. An Apostle’s Record: The Journals of Abraham H. Cannon, Dennis B. Horne, 2004, p. 424

  13. Journal History, 11 March 1897, p. 2

  14. Church Historian’s Office, Journal History of the Church (May 5, 1898): 23

  15. In Conference Report, Oct. 1978, p. 64; or Ensign, Nov. 1978, p. 45

  16. Juvenile Instructor, April 1918, p. 182-3

  17. Doctrine and Covenants Commentary, Hyrum M. Smith and Janne M. Sjodahl, 1919, p. 286

  18. Doctrine and Covenants Commentary, Hyrum M. Smith and Janne M. Sjodahl, 1919, p. 286

  19. Conference Report, April 1937, p. 15

  20. Improvement Era 53, April 1950, p. 287

  21. “Eat Flesh Sparingly,” in Conference Report, April 1948, 75)

  22. General Conference, Oct. 1951

  23. Improvement Era, 1953, p. 376

  24. Joseph Fielding Smith, “Is It a Sin to Kill Animals Wantonly?” Improvement Era, August 1961, 568.

  25. Improvement Era, Aug. 1961, p. 568

  26. Strengthening the Family—the Basic Unit of the Church, General Conference, April. 1978

  27. Ezra Taft Benson, “In His Steps,” BYU Devotional (1979)

  28. A Principle with a Promise, General Conference, April 1983

  29. Personal conversation with Reed A. Benson, son of President Ezra Taft Benson, October 3, 1995

  30. The Word of Wisdom: From Principle to Requirement, Thomas G. Alexander, 1981 p. 79

  31. Millennial Messiah, 1982, p. 658-9

  32. Hugh Nibley, The Word of Wisdom: A Commentary on D&C 89, December 1979, Gospel Doctrine Class

  33. Mormon Should Mean “More Good”, General Conference, Oct. 1990

  34. Spencer Condie, April 2018 KSL News radio Interview


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